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CBD 101

CBD products are popping up everywhere.  But what are they? What’s the difference between the products?  And what do you use them for?

We put together the information below to help you better understand!

CBD is short for Cannabidiol, which is the natural compound found in the flower of hemp and marijuana plants. Its therapeutic use goes back thousands of years! CBD is one of more than a hundred “phytocannabinoids,” which are unique to cannabis and endow the plant with its robust therapeutic profile.

CBD is closely related to tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is another phytocannabinoid.   There are therapeutic benefits from both CBD and THC, however, THC is the compound that causes a psychoactive effect, referred to as the “high.”  This is because CBD and THC affect the CB1 and CB2 receptors differently. 

At Freedom CBD we use hemp to produce our CBD oil.  This makes our product a non psychoactive substance that is shown to provide benefits to you and your family.

Why Use CBD?

CBD is most commonly sought after for people that are looking for alternatives to pharmaceuticals. Many who use CBD state their experience with it has provided relief for chronic pain, anxiety, inflammation, depression, epilepsy, and many other conditions.

While more research is still being done on the uses of CBD, and will now get approval by the FDA, the list of maladies that CBD has the potential to help is growing. While continued research on CBD will take place, the statements here have not been evaluated by the FDA yet. That being said, some of the health conditions people have been using CBD for are:

  • Autoimmune diseases, such as arthritis and inflammation.
  • Epilepsy, multiple sclerosis and other neurological disorders.
  • Anxiety, autism, PTSD and other mental illnesses.
  • Skin concerns like acne and psoriasis.
  • Side effects from cancer treatments, and helping to fight cancer as a disease in general.

How does CBD Work?

The endocannabinoid system plays the role of regulating many of the physiological processes in our bodies.  This includes things like our energy level, emotions, immunity, blood pressure. It also regulates how we experience pain, stress, hunger, addiction, etc.

And when the endocannabinoid system is not functioning, your body  is apt to more easily succumb to disease. This is where CBD comes in. CBD mimics endogenous cannabinoids, “endogenous” meaning “within” the body.

According to Pal Pacher and George Kunos, of the US National Institutes of Health, “modulating endocannabinoid system activity may have therapeutic potential in almost all diseases affecting humans.”  This is from a 2014 publication.  More specifically, this affects CB1 and CB2 receptors. 

CB1 Receptors are primarily found in the brain and central nervous system.  While THC binds to the receptor and produces a psychoactive affect, CBD inhibits the receptor and produces a “calming” affect which is non psychoactive. CB1 is often related to regulating pain, anxiety and memory.

CB2 Receptors have the highest concentration in your spleen, but are also found in your immune system and peripheral tissue.  Same as CB1, THC binds to the receptor whereas CBD only inhibits it, allowing for the CB2 receptor to better help with inflamation, chronic and acute pain, and many other diseases.

 

CB1

CB2

CBD Oil

You can consume CBD in many different ways. From vaping, to tinctures, capsules, to applications like body lotion and whatnot. CBD will continue to show up in more places.  This is especially relevant with the passing of the 2018 Farm Bill making hemp legal federally and allowing for government funding.

CBD oil products are not all created of the same equality, meaning the levels of CBD can vary.  Now, we are talking about hemp CBD here, so that means it has 0.3% THC or below when harvested. Because of the low THC, it is being utilized across all ages (from children to the young at heart), in athletes, and even in pets.

CBD in the Pharmaceutical World

You have probably seen CBD creep into the pharmaceutical industry too. With growing popularity, and increased research, we will see more and more of this.

On June 25, 2018, the FDA approved the first cannabinoid medicine with Epidiolex.  This drug is used to treat two different pediatric seizure disorders known as Dravet and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome; This drug is an almost pure pharmaceutical CBD formula. What is even better… this drug was classified by the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) as a Schedule V drug (not Schedule 1) which is the least dangerous designation.

Unfortunately, at this point, Epidiolex is not a cost-effective treatment for most. Hopefully that will change in the future as more CBD products hit more shelves.

Challenges with Purchasing Hemp CBD

With the legalization of hemp, CBD products will continue to flood the marketplace, but that doesn’t mean that all products are created of the same value.  

Check out our guide to buying CBD for more information!

We at Freedom CBD believe strongly in the process from soil to oil.  We want to make sure that the quality begins in the soil the hemp plants are cultivated from and all the way to the extraction methods of processing the oil itself.

In Conclusion

There will be a lot of changes that will come to CBD in the coming years. As the FDA steps more into regulations and further research is done on the benefits of CBDs, we will see more products hit the market.

Always make sure you do the research on the product your purchasing, the dosing, and THC/CBD levels. Again, we are transparent in the work we do and we welcome conversation with you to help you better understand what you are buying before you make a decision. .

Please reach out at hello@freedomcbd.co with any questions, or hit us up on our social media.