Terpenes…do you know what they are? At a basic level, terpenes are the aromatics that give cannabis distinct flavors like citrus, berry, mint and pine. There are over 100 different types of terpenes and each train has a unique composition and smell. What you might not realize is that while terpenes are more highly concentrated in the cannabis plant, you can also find terpenes in fruits and plants like plants, fruits and herbs.
Why do cannabis plants product terpenes?
There are many factors that influence the development of terpenes. Environmental factors like climate, weather and time of day can make an impact. It’s also the age and maturation of the plant as well as the fertilizers and soil the plants are grown in.
Terpenes can also provide a protective barrier for the plant. Sometimes they attract pollinators and other times they repel predators.
What do Terpenes do?
Just like different cannabinoids can have different effects, terpenes are showing evidence of being the same way. More studies will need to be done to fully understand how different terpenes interact with your body (just like with cannabinoids). However, there is some evidence to show that some terpenes promote relaxation and stress-relief, while others may promote focus. The terpene profile of your product can also be part of the entourage effect.
What are some of the most common terpenes?
Myrcene is believed to have a calming effect. You can also find myrcene in thyme, mango and lemongrass. Myrcene is an antioxidant and can also be helpful in the treatment of insomnia and inflammation.
This is the only terpene that sometimes acts as a cannabinoid, which means it can activate the endocannabinoid system. Caryophyllene acts as an anti-inflammatory. Can also be found in black pepper, cloves and cinnamon.
Roughly one in ten strains will be terpinolene-dominant. Terpinolene is thought to have uplifting effects. You can also find it in lilacs, nutmeg and cumin. This terpene is antibacterial and antifungal.
When you think about how plants smell, now you know that it’s attributed to the terpenes in the plant. And just like how they provide to the overall health and survival of the plant, they can also aid in your health concerns.
While more research is needed, terpenes are a great element to CBD products.